Gothia Logistics logo


您现在的位置: 远程教育 / 课程库 / Physical Supply and Distribution

Physical Supply and Distribution

Moving goods in the distribution chain

Physical supply and distribution includes all the activities involved in moving goods, both from the supplier to the beginning of the production process and from the end of the production process to the consumer.

The objective of distribution management is to design and operate a distribution system that attains the required level of customer service and does so at least cost.

目标: 本课程旨在提供给您如何以优化的方式确保商品抵达生产流程或者从生产流程结束到客户的仓库的深刻见解。


参与对象: 参与生产计划于发展工作,库存管理、采购师、资源采集、分配、运输、销售和其他想要提高他们在实际供应和分配方面技能的相关商务人士。

参与资格: 参与者必须拥有物流理论基础、生产计划、分配以及库存管理的相关知识。

训练方法: 所有课程均通过我们的远程教育平台Instant Education进行在线学习。点击这里查看更多关于培训方法。

时长: 共计约 25 小时学习时间,依据学员基础而有所不同。每个学员有六个月的时间可以登陆课程。

定价: 2580 人民币/人。



2460 人民币














部分 1

Managing the Operation

Planning for and controlling the resources used in the process to get the most value out of them.

Conflicts in Objectives

Often a departmental objective is maximized without considering the effect it has on other parts of the company.

Materials Management Responsibility

Materials management views material flows as an interlinkt system.

Movement of Materials

Activities involved in moving goods from the supplier to the consumer

Physical Distribution

Distribution adds place value and time value by placing goods in markets where they are available.

Physical Distribution System

There are interrelated activities that affect customer service and the cost of providing it.

Interfaces in Distribution Chain

Physical distribution provides a bridge between marketing and production

Warehouse Management

The objective of a warehouse is to minimize cost and maximize customer service.

Warehouse Activities

Operating a warehouse involves several processing activities.

Warehouse Utilization and Accessibility

Warehouse capacity depends on how high goods can be stored

Stock Location System

Stock location is concerned with the location of individual items in the warehouse

Basic Systems for Assigning Location

There are two basic systems for assigning specific locations to individual stock.

Order Picking and Assembly

An order is retrieved from the warehouse, assembled and prepared for shipment.

Packaging of Products

The basic role of packaging is to carry the goods safely through a distribution system to the customer

Load Planning

Loading load carriers requires good planning for good results.

Basic Rules for Loading and Securing

Important rules from a transport engineering and traffic safety standpoint.

Unitization of Goods

Unitization is the consolidation of several units into large units, called unit loads.

Materials Handling in Warehousing

Materials handling is the short-distance movement that takes place in a plant or distribution center

部分 2

Warehousing and Distribution

The role of warehouses in a physical distribution system is presented.

Role of Warehouses

Warehouses serve three important roles.

Warehousing and Transportation Costs

Any distribution system should try to provide the highest service level at the lowest possible cost.

Market Boundaries

It is the line between two or more supply sources where the laid-down cost is the same.

Distribution Centers and Transportation Costs

As more distribution centers are added, the savings in transportation costs decrease

Multi-Warehouse Systems and Costs

The result of adding more distribution centers to the physical distribution system.

System Service Capability

It can be estimated by the percentage of the market served within a given period by the distribution system

Physical Elements of Carriage

To provide transportation service, any carrier, whatever mode, must have certain basic physical elements

Transportation by Mode

The carriers of transportation can be divided into five basic modes.

Transportation Cost Elements

There are four basic cost elements in transportation

The Purchase of Transportation Services

Use of transportation services involves a form of purchasing.

Shipping Terms

A number of terms are used in international trade to describe sellers' and buyers’ rights, duties and risks.

部分 3

Supply and Demand Patterns

If supply met demand exactly, there would be little need for inventory.

Functions of Inventories

Inventories can be classified according to the function they perform.

Objectives of Inventory Management

The objectives a company should have if it wants to maximize profit.

Distribution Inventory

The purpose of holding inventory in distribution centers is to improve customer service.

Distribution Inventory Management Systems

Distribution requirements planning system is one of the three distribution inventory management systems.

Production and Distribution Chain

There is a pattern of inventories functioning as buffers between links in the distribution chain.

Transportation and Information Technology

Transportation is a network of instantaneous coordination of many activities across international borders

Changes in Logistics Needs

Logistics needs are more complex with transport chains combining techniques and information processes.

Organization of Shippers

The processes of production should be controlled in relation to the whole logistics chain

Distribution Structure

Logistics is a strong changing factor in distribution structures

Evolution in Transportation Structures

Changes in logistics activities are typically demand-driven which the transportation companies respond to

Hub-and-Spoke Systems

This form of organization has extended to all modes, and especially to road transport.

Quantifying Transportation Services

Transportation services can be described using the different parameters

Logistics and Transportation Demand

The companies´ material supply and the need for transportation have changed because of the globalized market.

Types of Transport Networks

In general, five types of transport network can be distinguished.

Developments in Transportation Supply

New technology within transportation and information exchange effects the operations



See all our courses at